历年真题

2016年同等学力人员申请硕士学位外国语水平全国统一考试(1)

发布时间:2016-12-13

Part I Oral Communication (10 points)

Section A

Directions:In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three

blanks and three choices A, B and C, taken from the dialogue. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

Dialogue One

A.Will you take care of that for me? B.Does it have anything valuable inside?

C.How do you want to send it?

Clerk: May I help you?

Customer: Yes, I’d like to send this letter to my family in England.

Clerk: Did you write your return address on the envelope?

Customer: Yes, I did.

Clerk: ____1____

Customer: I guess I’ll send it airmail.

Clerk: ____2____

Customer: Yes. I enclosed a check and some photographs.

Clerk: Then you’d better send it by registered mail.

Customer: That’s a good idea.___3____

Clerk: I’m sorry, sir. You’ll have to take your letter to the next window.

Dialogue Two

A.You can’t even stay in the sun for five minutes. B.I guess so. C.You want my advice?

Winne: Oh, man! Nobody can stand this kind of scorching heat.

Marc: Absolutely! _____4_____

Winne: Anyway, I guess this afternoon there’s nothing we can do but stay home.

Marc: ____5_____ I don’t want to be taken to the hospital for heat exhaustion or something.

Winne: ___6_____ Drink a lot of liquids and spare yourself the worst of the heat!

Marc: Yean, you’re right. Got to drink a lot of fluids.

Section B

Directions:In this section there is one incomplete interview which has four blanks and four

choices A, B ,C and D, taken from the interview. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the interview and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

A.I literally can’t stop.  B.But now I don’t need to worry any more.

C.You’re known as the first billionaire author here.  D.But that’s not just about money.

Interviewer: You have published six popular books. 7 Interviewee: Yeah.

Interviewer: So how has being the first billionaire author affected your perception of yourself?

Interviewee: I dress better. Well, you can definitely afford better clothes.8I think the

single biggest thing that money gave me--and obviously I came from a place where I was a single mother and it really was hand to mouth at one point. It was literally as poor as you can get without being homeless at one point. 9 Never.

Interviewer: Are you in a place now where you can accept that you will always be rich?

Interviewee: No.

Interviewer: And will you be writing more?

Interviewee: Oh, definitely. I can’t, yeah,10Well, I mean, you could tie my hands to

my sides, I suppose, but I have to write. For my own mental health, I need to write.

Part II Vocabulary (10 points)

Directions: In this part there are ten sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose

the one from the four choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

11.Such experience helps promote one’s alertness to other cultures, as well as a better appreciation of one’s own culture.

A. Preference  B. Adjustment  C. Sensitivity  D. response

12.If you always try to find fault with others, it means that you have gained another shortcoming.

A.ignore   B. Criticize   C. Impress   D. follow

13.The election will be brought forward to June as so many people are on holiday in July.

A. Prolonged  B. Adapted  C. Postponed  D. advanced

14.As to the question of refreshments, I should think orange juice and potato chips will be sufficient.

A. Enough   B. Abundant   C. Satisfying  D. proper

15.Watching these kids grow brings me satisfaction that is difficult to surpass.

A.obtain   B. Exceed   C. Describe   D. forget

16.The journal published a series of articles that reviewed the prospects for a new era of “genetic 16.medicine”.

A. Background  B. Exploration  C. Survey  D . outlook

17.If you don’t slow down and take a break, you’ll be burned out very quickly.

A.distressed  B. Anxious  C. Exhausted  D. upset

18.Following our merging with Smith Brothers, the new company will, from now on be known as Smith and Murphy Inc.

A. cooperationB. meeting

C. agreementD. combination

19.Only native-born citizens are eligible for the U.S. Presidency.

A.required  B. Qualified  C. Selected  D. elected

20.It was 38 degrees and the air conditioning barely cooled the room.

A.simply  B. Quickly  C. Hardly  D. strongly

Part III Reading Comprehension (25 points)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements,

each with four suggested answers A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

What did you study at university? If it was something along the lines of law or business, you might want to look away now. That's because according to new research, which has found a link between our university subjects and our personalities, you have selfish, uncooperative tendencies and are not very in touch with your feelings. On the plus side, you're probably the life and soul of a party, the findings suggest.

Researchers analyzed data from more than 13,000 university students who were involved in 12 separate studies. From this, they discovered a correlation between the “Big Five” major personality traits and the subjects they were enrolled on.

For example, those studying law, economics, political science and medicine tended to be much more outgoing than those taking other subjects, the study found. But when it came to “agreeableness” -- the tendency towards being helpful, generous and considerate -- the lawyers scored particularly low, as did business and economics students.

Arts and humanities students, as well as those studying psychology and politics scored highly for openness, meaning they were curious, imaginative and in touch with their inner feelings, while economists, engineers, lawyers and scientists scored comparatively low. However, the arts and humanities students also tended to be less conscientious and more nervous, typically exhibiting signs of anxiety and moodiness. Psychology students were not far behind arts and humanities students for these traits.

Study author Anna Vedel, from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, said she was surprised by the magnitude of the results. “The effect sizes show that the differences found are not trivial, far from,” she said. “On the more humorous side they do confirm our more or less prejudicial stereotypes of the disturbed psychologist, the withdrawn natural scientist, the cynical economist.”

And she said that the findings could help those school pupils who currently have no idea what to study at university, as well as helping academics to plan their lectures. “I’m not arguing that these results should play a major role in either guidance or selection, but it might provide some inspiration for students that are in doubt about study choices and want to make a choice based on more than abilities, for example,” said Dr Vedel. “Or teachers might better understand their student population.”

21.The first paragraph implies that law or business students may _______.

A.be amused by the research  B.be interested in the research

C.dislike the research  D.enjoy the research

22.According to the research, law students scored particularly low in the trait of _______.

A. Generosity  B. Openness  C. anxiety  D. selfishness

23. The word “conscientious” (Para. 4) probably means “________”.

A. moodyB. sensitiveC. curiousD. careful

24.Anna Vedel stated that the research _______.

A. confirmed the link between personality and profession

B.showed that the differences were far from significant

C.was not reliable because of its prejudicial observation

D.did not have enough samples to support its findings

25.According to Anna Vedel, the research may help ______.

A.students make wise choices in finding jobs  B.teachers understand their students better

C.students make presentations more academically  D.school pupils go to better universities

Passage Two

AlphaGo’s victory over Go( 围棋 )champion Lee Se-dol reportedly shocked artificial intelligence experts, who thought such an event was 10 to 15 years away. But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable.

Playing complex games is precisely what computers do supremely well. Just as they beat the world champions at checkers(跳棋)and then chess, they were destined to beat the champion at Go. Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers leave most of us with nothing to do. Advancing technology will profoundly change the nature of high-value human skills and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed.

The skills of deep human interaction, the abilities to manage the exchanges that occur only between people, will only become more valuable. Three of these skills stand out: The first, the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way.

The second is creative problem-solving in groups. Research on group effectiveness shows that the key isn’t team cohesion or motivation or even the smartest member’s IQ; rather, it’s the social sensitivity of the members, their ability to read one another and keep anyone from dominating.

The third critical ability, somewhat surprisingly, is storytelling, which has not traditionally been valued by organizations. Charts, graphs and data analysis will continue to be important, but that’s exactly what technology does so well. To change people’s minds or inspire them to act, tell them a story.

These skills, though basic to our humanity, are fundamentally different from the skills that have been the basis of economic progress for most of human history, logic, knowledge and analysis, which we learned from textbooks and in classrooms. By contrast, the skills of deep human interaction address the often irrational reality of how human beings behave, and we find them not in textbooks but inside ourselves. As computers master ever more complexity, that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value.

26. According to the author, AlphaGo’s victory_____.

A.could have happened earlier  B.came as a pleasant surprise

C.was an expected result   D.was more a matter of luck

27.The word “presage”(Para. 2) is closest in meaning to“ _____”.

A. Survive  B. Suffer  C. Invent  D. predict

28.What is the author’s attitude towards the human future in the face of technology?

A.Unclear  B. Confused  C. Worried  D. Optimistic

29.Which of the following is the most fundamental to human interaction?

A. Social sensitivity of group members to understand each other.

B.Strong ability to share people’s feelings and respond.

C.Team spirit to make sure that everyone is involved.

D.Inspirational storytelling to motivate people to act.

30.According to the author, the skills of deep human interaction .

A.are the source of true human values in the future

B.can work with knowledge to make the world better

C.are similar to the skills of human logic and analysis

D.can be learned from textbooks and in classrooms

Passage Three

Last year, I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in La Réunion. With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation. I slept in a cabin in the woods with hedgehogs(刺猬) digging about in the bushes, all different coloured birds singing in the morning and endless rows of palm trees offering shade from the sun.

For me, one of the best ways to get to know a new place is to work with the land, live with the locals and share meals together. This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. It has got to be one of the best ways to travel. It is a mutually beneficial exchange where everyone involved prioritises people and environment above profit. You get the time and space to deepen a connection with local communities and nature.

There is a lot to learn and each farm has its own unique way of doing things, depending on the environment, climate and soil. At the farm in La Réunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads. Before staying with the farm I had only eaten heart of palm from cans which were nothing in comparison to the real thing, fresh from the ground. When potting up the very beginnings of the palm trees, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees' cycle. I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong.

We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads and which were seen as uneatable. I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit(番石榴) to make jams which will be sold at the local market.

Of course, not everyone is able to travel far away into the field. The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyard. The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities.

A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world.

31.WWOOFing enables volunteers to ________.

A.get food and shelter for their work

B.travel around La Réunion for free

C.tell the differences between various birds

D.have close contact with wild animals

32.The author found his farm life in La Réunion quite ______

A. awfulB. rewardingC. comfortableD. difficult

33.The author did all of the following on the organic farm EXCEPT _______.

A.removing weeds  B.planting palm trees

C.harvesting fruits  D.collecting vegetables

34.The philosophy of WWOOFing is to _______

A.improve local environment  B.make locals live better

C.unite different communities  D.advocate a fair exchange

35.This passage is mainly about _____

A. the development of WWOOFing   B.a local WWOOFing community

C.a charming WWOOFing experience   D.the system of WWOOFing

Passage Four

Experts say distracted walking is a growing problem, as people of all ages become more dependent on electronic devices for personal and professional matters. They also note pedestrian deaths have been rising in recent years. In 2005, 11% of all US deaths involved pedestrians, but that number rose to 15% in 2014.

The rise in deaths coincides with states introducing bills that target pedestrians. Some states, such as Hawaii, Arkansas, Illinois, Nevada and New York, continue to introduce legislation every year.

The measure recently introduced by New Jersey assembly woman Pamela Lampitt would ban walking while texting and prohibit pedestrians on public roads from using electronic communication devices unless they are hands-free. Violators would face fines of up to $50, 15-day imprisonment or both, which is the same penalty as jaywalking(乱穿马路). Half of the fine would be allocated to safety education about the dangers of walking while texting, said Lampit.

Some see the proposal as an unnecessary government overreach, while others say they understand Lampitt's reasoning. But most agree that people need to be made aware of the issue. "Distracted pedestrians, like distracted drivers, present a potential danger to themselves and drivers on the road," Lampitt said. "An individual crossing the road distracted by their smartphone presents just as much danger to motorists as someone jaywalking and should be held, at minimum, to the same penalty."

The main question raised about the measure, though, is whether it can be enforced consistently by police officers who usually have more pressing matters to deal with. Some feel that rather than imposing a new law, the state should focus on distracted-walking education. Lampitt said the measure is needed to stop and penalize "risky behavior." She cited a National Safety Council report that showed distracted-walking incidents involving cellphones accounted for an estimated 11,101 injuries from 2000 through 2011.

The study found a majority of those injured were female and most were 40 or younger. Talking on the phone was the most prevalent activity at the time of injury, while texting accounted for 12%. Nearly 80% of the injuries occurred as the result of a fall, while 9% occurred from the pedestrian striking a motionless object.

36.This passage is mainly concerned with _____

A.the difficulty in enforcing road regulations

B.rising deaths caused by distracted walking

C.the dangers of jaywalking on busy streets

D.distracted walking involving smartphones

37.The states introducing bills that target pedestrians ________.

A.have benefited from the bills   B.find it hard to carry them out

C.have been promoting the legislation   D.will have fewer deaths of pedestrians

38.According to the measure proposed by Lampitt, walking while texting would ______.

A.become illegal  B.involve safety education  C.be blamed publicly  D.incur a fine of over $50

39.Lampitt reasons that distracted pedestrians are as dangerous as ________.

A.motorists  B.speeding drivers  C.jaywalkers  D.drunk drivers

40.Which of the following would the author of the passage most probably agree with?

A. Males are more vulnerable to distracted-walking injures.

B.Police officers are unhappy with the proposed law.

C.Safety education is more important than penalty.

D.Rising distracted-walking incidents call for real attention.

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